CHINOOK

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- Clothing




Most of the Chinook tribe's clothes were made out of plant material. Women Wove tree bark, roots, and grass into skirts, shirts, and pants. The cloth they made was made so it would not get wet, and when it did, it dried very fast. Men wore wide brimmed hats made out of woven grass. They also wore grass mat robes. A lot of the Chinook's clothes were made from cederbark. During the winter, the Chinook wore several layers of animal skin shirts and pants to keep out of the cold.
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(Burke Museum, Seattle)


-Food

The Chinook people relied on the Columbia River for food, fishing for sturgeon, smelt, and salmon. Salmon was considered sacred to the Chinook, so they caught more than they needed during the salmon runs. Also, they caught mammels such as seals, sea lions, and whales on rare occasions. When not gathering food in te water, they found food in the forest.


-Shelter


The Chinook lived in large villages of about 30 houses. These dwelling were rectangular cedar plank structures. Each house was about 8 ft. high, 20-60 ft. long, and 14-20 ft. wide. About 10 families could live in each house. They were permanent, as opposed to nomadic tribes such as te Nez Perce.

-Chinook wants

-the chinook used their time and resources produce bowls and eating utinsuls carved from bone. they would cave designs into the objects using sharp rocks or knives.

Nez Perce



-Food

The Nez perce tribe led a nomadic life, which greatly affected how they obtained their need of food. Their main source of food was salmon and big game, such as elk and deer. When camping along a river, they would construct temporary wooden docks on the riverbank, and during salmon runs, they would nets, spears and hooks to catch as much fish as they could. When not camping near a river, they would hunt elk, deer and buffalo. They had an interesting process of obtaining these animals. First, the men would track the heard of animals through the plains on their horses. Then, after finding the herd, they would get the right amount of meat for their family, and send a messenger back to the tribe. After that, the messenger would lead the rest of the tribe to the hunters, where they would set up camp and prepare the meat. The other part of the Plateau Indian tribes was plants. They would forage the plains for certain types of plant that they would grind up and make into loaves of bread. These loaves didn't go bad and that they ate them when no meat was available. external image Buffalo-hide_-tipi.jpg

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-Shelter

The Plateau Indians had a very unique way of building shelters. During summer and winter gatherings, they lived external image NezPerceMontana1871-500.jpgin huge longhouses, with up to 30 other families. While not at gatherings, they lived in animal hide tepees that could be easily carried by horses or dogs


-Clothing



The clothing worn by the Nez Perce came from their surroundings. Both men and women wore clothing made form trees, bushes, and other plant life in their area. They eventually advanced to animal skin clothing. They also made woven hats. For more formal occasions, they had clothing with fringe and designs of beads, quills, and paints. The animal skin they used for clothing also contributed to the making of shelter.



-Wants



One want of the Nez Perce tribe is for their clothing to be made of animal skin. Their clothes were originally made of Cedar bark and other plants but they advanced into animal skins. This was not a necessity of the tribe but a desire.